Presently, technological innovations in agriculture are more required than ever before. The whole industry is facing massive challenges from an increase in the cost of supplies to alterations in the preference of the consumer to shortage of labor. There are rising concerns from the agricultural corporations that there needs to be a solution for all these challenges. In the last decade, consumer technology has witnessed a massive increase in investment with more than $6.7 billion in the last 5 years and in the last year, this industry has witnessed investments worth $1.9 billion.
Major developments in new technology in Agriculture 2021 in India and across the globe, have aimed around spaces like automation and robotics, indoor vertical farming, modern practices of greenhouses, livestock technology, AI (Artificial Technology), blockchain, and precision agriculture.
Top Technological Innovations In Agriculture For 2021
Now that you have got a glimpse of the condition of our agricultural sector, let us have a look at the various technological innovations in agriculture in India and also across the globe that have taken place or are aiming to take place to face the challenges that have been laid forward in this industry. Let us get started with the list of agricultural technologies.
Indoor Vertical Farming
Among the list of modern farming technologies, this comes first. IVF (Indoor vertical farming) can overcome limited land area, raise the crop yields, and even decrease the impact of farming on the environment by reducing the distance traveled for the supply chain. Indoor vertical farming can be explained as the practice of harvesting produce stacked one above another in a controlled and closed arena. By using growing shelves that are mounted vertically, it prominently decreases the amount of land space that is required to grow plants as compared to traditional methods of farming. This type of produce is often related with city and urban farming as they have the ability to thrive in limited areas. Vertical farms are unique in nature and in that some setups do not need soil for their plants to grow. Most are either hydroponic. This is where vegetables are produced in an aeroponic or a nutrient-dense bowl of water, where the roots of the plants are sprayed systematically with nutrients and water.
Farm automation, often related with “smart farming”, is the technology that enables farms to be more effective and automates the livestock or crop production cycle. A rising number of entities are working on innovation of robotics to develop autonomous tractors, drones, robotic harvesters, seeding robots, and automatic watering. Even though these technologies are fairly latest, the industry has witnessed an increasing number of primitive agriculture companies adopt the technology of farm automation into their processes.
Livestock Farming Technology
The traditional industry for livestock is a sector that is highly ignored and under-serviced, even though it is arguably the most important one. Livestock offers much awaited renewable, natural resources that we depend on on an everyday basis. Livestock management has previously been known as operating the business of poultry farms,dairy farms, cattle ranches, or other agribusinesses related to livestock. Livestock managers must have accurate financial tracks, supervise workers, and make sure that proper care and feeding of animals is happening. However, recent trends have shown that technology is altering the world of livestock management. Technological innovations in agriculture in the past 8-10 years have made big developments to the industry that make managing and tracking livestock much easier and data-driven. This technology can emerge in the form of genetics, nutritional technologies, digital technology, and many more.
The agricultural sector was in a dire need for development as it was often overlooked. But now with development in technology and evolving time, innovations have knocked the doors of agricultural sectors and are on the way to change the industry for a better good. The above article deals with top 3 technological innovations in agriculture that are surely changing the way agriculture was perceived traditionally.