Everything You Need To Know About Earnings Per Share

Everything You Need To Know About Earnings Per Share

Earnings are important when evaluating the profitability of a company and are important factors in determining the stock price of a company. So there is a factor known as earnings per share that provides information on how much is the earning of a company for every share, with an increased EPS that indicates the stock as an increased value when compared to others in the industry. In this article, we will discuss the concept of Earning per share.

What Are Earnings?

The earnings of a company are, quite simply, its profits. Take the revenue of a company from selling something, subtract all the costs to manufacture that product, and you have earnings. Of course, the details of this accounting get a lot more complex, but earnings always imply how much money a business makes minus the costs. Its many synonyms create part of the discussion that is associated with earnings. The terms net income, profit, bottom line, and earnings all refer to similar things.

What Is Earnings Per Share?

Earnings per share (EPS) is measured as a company’s profit that is divided by the outstanding shares of its common stock. The result serves as a tool for a company’s profitability. It is common for a business to report EPS that is modified for remarkable items and potential share dilution. The more a company’s EPS, the more profitable it is thought to be.

Earnings per share formula

Earnings per share value are measured as net income which is also known as profits or earnings divided by the share available. A more proper calculation modifies the numerator and denominator for shares that could be formulated through convertible debt, options, or warrants. The numerator of the formula is also more relatable if it is modified for continuing operations.

Therefore, Basic EPS = (Net income – preferred dividends) ÷ weighted average of common shares outstanding during the period.

Annual earning per share

Any stock splits or dividends that take place must reflect in the calculation consisting of the weighted average number of shares outstanding. Some sources of data simplify the calculation by availing the number of shares outstanding at the end of a time span.

Earning per share example

Net Income
Preferred Dividends
Weighted Common Shares
Basic EPS
$7.6/3.98 = $1.91
Bank Of America
$18.23-$1.61/10.2 = $1.63
$3.05/0.599 = $5.09

How Is Earnings Per Share Used?

Earnings per share (EPS) is one of the most crucial metrics used when evaluating a firm’s profitability on a complete basis. It is also an important component used to calculate the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio of valuation, where the E in P/E stands for EPS. By dividing the share price of a company by its EPS, an investor can witness the value of a stock in terms of how much the market is wanting to pay for each unit of earnings.

EPS is one of the indicators among many that one can use to take stocks. If one has an interest in trading stocks or investing, their next step is to look for a broker that works for their style of investment.

Comparing earnings per share in complete terms may not have many implications for investors because normal shareholders do not have open access to the earnings. Instead, investors will contrast EPS with the price of the share of the stock to evaluate the value of earnings and how investors feel about the growth in the future.

EPS And Capitals

An important dimension of EPS that is often overlooked is the capital that is needed to fuel the earnings (net income) in the measurement. Two businesses can have the same EPS, but one can do so with lesser net assets; that company would be more effective at using its capital to bring income and, all other aspects being equal, would be a “better” company in terms of planning. A cadent that can be utilized to identify better companies is the return on equity (ROE).

EPS And Price To Earning

Making a contrast on the earning per share ratio inside an industry group can be helpful, though in a way that is unexpected. Although it looks like a stock whose price is more relative to its EPS when contrasted to peers might be “overvalued,” the opposite happens to be the rule. Despite its historical EPS, investors are wanting to pay more for a particular stock if it is expected to increase or outperform its peers. In a bull market scenario, it is normal for any stocks with the highest P/E ratios in a stock index to exceed the average of the other stocks in that index.


You may wonder what is a good earning per share? So what classifies as a “good” earning per share will depend on many factors such as the current performance of the company, the current performance of its competitors, and the thoughts of the analysts who follow the stock regularly. Sometimes, a company might state growing EPS, but the stock might decrease in price if analysts were expecting an even an increased number.

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Yang Liú

Yang Liú is a writer who revolves around business, investing, technology and electronics. Her articles are constant proof of her expertise in these niches.

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