Agriculture in India offers livelihood to nearly 58% of the total population. Along with that, the agricultural states in India are producing high quality foods. The Indian agricultural business is evolving at a rapid pace and it prevails to contribute largely to global trade.
There is one thing you should know and that is the food and grocery market of India is the sixth largest one in the world that accounts for nearly 70% of the complete sales. Agriculture in this country is developing at the same time as the nation develops. The production of food and the pattern of consumption is also changing. In India, there has been an increase in income, population, urban or rural mobility, and the extension of rural per capita productivity for various years. Demand for food has been increased as an outcome of the developments of all these elements.
In the upcoming 20 years, the per capita GDP of India is anticipated to rise by 320%. As time goes on, the trend shifts as well. Indians are intaking higher quality foods, and the emphasis is changing away from plant based proteins toward animal based proteins. All thanks to improving obtainable incomes and quickly rising consumer needs. In this article, we have compiled a list of the top 10 agricultural states in India 2022.
Top 10 Agricultural States In India 2022
Here in this article, we are going to portray agricultural production in India as per states. You can receive accurate data on the primary crops of India from this list. But before we get into the long list of top agricultural states in India, you can have a look at the graph shown below. Among the list of top 20 agricultural states in India, we have taken the top 10.
Now that you have seen a vivid state wise crop production in India 2022 graph, let us have a look at these states in detail.
1. West Bengal
West Bengal is the biggest food grain producing state in this country. It is popular for its rice production, followed by Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, and UP. Along with the production of rice, this Indian state is also popular for jute, sesamum, tea, and tobacco as well. In West Bengal, the total production of Rice is 146.05 lakh tons on 22600 kilograms per hectare yield. This name comes among the top rice producing states in India. This state is also associated with fruit production that includes Litchi, Mango, Guava, Pineapple, and Orange.
WB is rich with various food items, they produce almost everything, Tomato, Cucurbits, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Okra, and Brinja. Jute, Rice, and wheat are the primary crops that are harvested in this state. Spice production here includes Chili, Ginger, Garlic, Turmeric, and Coriander.
2. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh comes under the best farming state in this country and the rank of Uttar Pradesh is counted under the important state wise crop production in India, rice, bajra, sugarcane, food grains, and many such things. This state comes among the top wheat producing states in India, followed by Haryana, Punjab, and Madhya Pradesh. UP has 22.5 million tons of wheat, and the weather scenario is ideal for growing wheat. On 96 lakh hectares, the land is utilized to grow wheat in Uttar Pradesh.
UP is the biggest hub for the sugarcane, and this is the most produced crop across the globe. Sugarcane is produced under hot and humid climate scenarios, and Uttar Pradesh is ideal for that. It has 145.39 million tons of sugarcane and is grown on 2.17 million hectares in the state.
Punjab is considered to be the most fertile state on earth. It is ideal to produce sugarcane, wheat, rice, vegetables, and fruits here. The other name of Punjab is the Granary of India and also the breadbasket of India. Nearly 93 percent of the total productive land is employed to produce food grain. In Punjab, most of the region is covered by paddy cultivation and wheat. And this area rises over the year.
Punjab is the 3rd largest agricultural state in India. It is popular for its irrigation system and these are perfect for farming. This state is the 3rd largest producer of food grains as well.
Gujarat is the fastest evolving state in India. This state accepted a wise development mechanism. They invested in agriculture, industry, and energy, and for that, they attained a double digit growth. The weather climate of Gujarat is variable, and producing crops there is hard. One strategy farmers can take up there is to manipulate crop weather by advanced management for high yield.
Gujarat produced groundnut, castor, cotton, bajra, tur, green sesamum, paddy, gram, maize, and sugarcane. And Gujarat produced cotton on a huge scale, followed by Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Telangana. Here groundnuts grew as well.
And the next agricultural state is Haryana. This is one of the largest contributors to agriculture. Nearly 70 percent of the locals are engaged in agriculture. Haryana plays a crucial role in the Green Revolution in India. With all these, this Indian state has a huge irrigation system.
Some top crops that are produced in Haryana include paddy, wheat, sugarcane, and sunflower. And in India, it is the 2nd biggest producer of sunflowers. Haryana is associated with livestock farming as well. There are 99.97 lakh livestock populations in this country. India consumes milk items on a daily basis. It is an important diet.
6. Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh is popular for its pulses production, followed by Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh. It is famous for soybean and garlic production as well. Madhya Pradesh earned prominent fame in pulse farming. Maize and wheat are the primary sources of the earnings of farmers in Madhya Pradesh. And other types of pulses are urad, tur, and soybean.
Madhya Pradesh has the biggest area, for that they have varied soil and climate scenarios ideal for a wide variety of agricultural products. The agriculture industry of Madhya Pradesh is the support system of the Indian economy. Madhya Pradesh Agriculture sector produces 65 percent of the employment, and it is ¼ of the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP).
Assam highly relies on agriculture in this country. In comparison with other Indian states, Assam comes under the list of least developed states. Assam’s economy is mostly based on agriculture, and 70 percent of the population is dependent on income from agriculture for livelihood. Tea is consumed on a regular basis across the globe after water.
Assam is world famous for its tea production. It is the biggest producer of tea in India, followed by West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, and other North Indian states. The most popular types of tea in India are Darjeeling tea, Nilgiri tea, Assam tea, and Kangra tea. Assam produces 52 percent of the total tea production in this country.
8. Andhra Pradesh
In Andhra Pradesh, 62 percent of the population is associated with agriculture. There is more emphasis paid to rice production. Andhra Pradesh contributes nearly 77 percent of crop production in India. And more crops are bajra, maize, jowar, ragi, tobacco, sugarcane, pulses, and others.
In Andhra Pradesh, 1.5 million hectares of land are employed for horticulture. And from this assigned land closely 720 thousand hectares were utilized for fruit production.
In Karnataka, agriculture is the most crucial part of the whole economy. Most of the population of this state is associated with farming. The weather climate of this state highly supports agriculture. The Kharif crops of Karnataka are maize, moong dal, rice, red chili, sugarcane, soybean, turmeric, groundnut, and cotton. The rabi crops of Karnataka are sesamum, barley, wheat, mustard, and peas. Karnataka comes under the top agricultural state in India.
The state is famous for its coffee production, and it has contributed 70 percent of the total production in India. Karnataka increased by 222300 metric tons of coffee.
Chhattisgarh is famous for the Rice Bowl of Central India. Some of the crops that are harvested in Chhattisgarh are millets, rice, and maize. In Chhattisgarh, 77 percent of the area is used for rice production. This state is completely reliant on the rain. Only 20 percent of the total region is under irrigation.
- Fruit Crops – Lime, Cashew-nut, Cheku, Guava, Mango, etc.
- Vegetable Crops – Cucurbits, Beans, Cabbage, Cauliflower, etc.
- Spices – Ginger, Turmeric, Coriander, Chili, Methi, Garlic, etc.
- Flowers – Marry-gold, Gaillardia, Gladiolus, Gladiolus, etc.
- Medicinal Plants – Jamarosa, E.citriodora, Lemongrass, Pamarosa, etc.
India is an agricultural based nation that is greatly dependent on agriculture. Most states in India are experts in various types of crops, and in the above article, we have spoken about the top 10 agricultural states in India. After this article, it can be concluded with development in technology and mechanism, the process of production is also developing in this country.